Pomegranate Seed Oil: The Anti-Aging and Anti-Inflammatory Wonder
by Heather Smith on Jun 24, 2022
We focus on pomegranate oil as we continue our series on the many benefits of facial oil. Pomegranate is a fruit rich in many essential nutrients. Apart from being delicious to eat, it is a rich source of essential fatty acids that help restore a healthy glow to your skin. Pomegranate oil for skin has many benefits and is great for all skin types.
Read on to learn everything you need to know about using pomegranate oil for skin and face care.
History of the Pomegranate
Pomegranate is a common fruit that people have eaten for ages. Because of its nutritional properties, pomegranate is called the fruit of life, nature's power fruit, and a superfood.
Pomegranate has been used in many cultures and medicinal practices around the world. The pomegranate is seen as a representation of life, abundance, and beauty in the history of food and medicine. Many beauty secrets lie deep inside the beautiful little rubies of pomegranate. Pomegranate oil benefits go far beyond just nutrition.
The fruit of the pomegranate is found throughout Greek Mythology, and evidence of pomegranate trees dates back to 4000 BC. In Greek mythology, pomegranates represent the cycle of death and rebirth. The fruit was significantly valued in 1600 BC in Egypt as the fruit of life.
The first places where this beautiful fruit was cultivated were the Mediterranean region and the Asian mainland of the western Himalayas. Traces of pomegranate cultivation has been found in the Northern region of Africa and Southern Europe as well. Pomegranate trees have also flourished in parts of the USA. However, its roots lie in the Himalayas and the Silk route of South East Asia.
The Pomegranate Plant
The pomegranate plant is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub. Belonging to the family of Lythraceae, it has the scientific name Punica granatum. The plant grows from 5-10m tall and bears fruits yearly in the cooler months (October-February in the Northern Hemisphere). The plant's life span can reach 200 years.
The name pomegranate comes from the Latin words pomum and granatum. The combination of pomum and granatum creates a word for seeded apple. In old English, the fruit was also called the Apple of Grenada. The modern French term for pomegranate is grenade which gives its name to the military grenade we use today due to its unique shape.
How is Pomegranate Oil Extracted?
Like most of the best face oils, pomegranate oil is extracted from tiny seeds using the cold-pressing process.
CO2 extraction is another method often used, but cold-pressing best maintains the integrity of the phytochemicals. As a result, pomegranate seed oil has many beneficial properties for the skin.
Composition of Pomegranate Seed Oil
Essential fatty acids are healthy, nourishing oils and pomegranate seed oil is no exception. In addition, the lipid content of each seed is 15 to 20 percent, making high yield production of the oil possible.
Pomegranate seed oil contains around 5% stearic acid, 12% oleic acid, 14% linoleic acid, and 65% punicic acid. It is also prized for its high levels of polyphenols. The pomegranate seed oil benefits can be attributed to this unique fatty acid profile, as are many of the other health benefits.
Unique to pomegranate seed oil and found in only a few other seeds, punicic acid is an omega-5 that's of much interest in the nutraceutical world. It is a bioactive component felt to have significant therapeutic potential for many conditions like obesity, inflammatory disorders, and diabetes.
Punicic acid is structurally related to conjugated linoleic acid, which is already prized for its excellent skin benefits. In addition, punicic acid reduces inflammation and acts as a powerful antioxidant. Punicic acid benefits for skin care are likely significant.
Pomegranate Seed Oil Skin Benefits
Juice and extract from the pomegranate peel (pericarp) are well-known astringents and are often used in water-soluble cosmetic preparations.
As a cosmeceutical, pomegranate oil has been shown to stimulate cell growth, procollagen synthesis and collagen production, and inhibits MMP-1 (matrix metalloproteinase), which causes slowing of the cellular aging process. In addition, it is also shown to enhance absorption of other substances, resveratrol in particular.
Many of the pomegranate seed oil skin benefits are due to the punicic acid. Its collagen-boosting effects make pomegranate oil for face use excellent for products for anti aging and dry skin. Since this light oil is non-pore clogging, it's also safe for oily and acne prone skin. It is even used in hair care products because it can improve shine and scalp moisture.
All of these features combined should result in the following visible improvements to your skin when you use pomegranate face oil:
- improved texture and softness
- improved firmness and elasticity
- reduced fine lines
- repaired skin barrier and reduced inflammation and redness
- moisturization and a healthy glow
- brightening, reduced dark spots, and a more even skin tone
- fading of scars
If you are shopping for an anti-aging face oil, look for options that contain pomegranate oil if your skin is mature, dry, or sensitive.
Pomegranate Oil Comedogenicity
Pomegranate seed oil is a lightweight, thin oil that is not greasy. It rapidly penetrates the skin and does not leave an oily residue.
The skin-loving oil is non-comedogenic and rated a 1 on the comedogenicity scale. The oil is safe to apply to all skin types, and even people struggling with acne can use pomegranate oil as a beauty elixir.
Sustainability and Humanitarian Concerns
The pomegranate plant and fruits are readily available worldwide because of their adaptability to different climatic conditions. The tree pomegranate has a long life which also adds to the sustainability factor of large-scale pomegranate cultivation. Since the pomegranate fruit is edible, it does not lead to too much waste, especially when all plant parts are used for nutritional or cosmetic purposes.
No major environmental concerns are linked with pomegranate plant cultivation and pomegranate oil making. People have used pomegranate oil for ages, and there are minimal humanitarian or agricultural exploitation concerns.
As you can see, the many skin benefits of pomegranate seed oil, and the fact it is suitable for all skin types, makes pomegranate oil for skin a must try!
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